ERLANGER, JOSEPH

ERLANGER, JOSEPH
ERLANGER, JOSEPH (1874–1965), U.S. physiologist and Nobel Prize winner. Erlanger, who was born in San Francisco, graduated from Johns Hopkins University in 1899. From 1906 to 1910 he was professor of physiology at Wisconsin Medical School and from 1910 held the chair of physiology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. He and Herbert Spencer Gasser received the 1944 Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine, for their work on the functional differentiation of nerves and on the influence of pulse pressure on kidney secretion. Erlanger made fundamental contributions to the knowledge of the cardiovascular and nervous system and to methods of physiological investigation. He invented a graphic method for measuring blood pressure and studied the mechanism of production of sounds used in measuring blood pressure by the auscultatory method. He studied nerve action potentials by cathode ray oscillograph; induction shocks as stimuli; traumatic shock and impulse initiation and conduction in the heart. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.R. Kagan, Jewish Medicine (1952). (Suessmann Muntner)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Erlanger , Joseph — (1874–1965) American neurophysiologist Erlanger, the son of a German immigrant drawn to California in the gold rush, was born in San Francisco. He was educated at the University of California and at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, where in …   Scientists

  • Erlanger, Joseph — ▪ American physiologist born Jan. 5, 1874, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Dec. 5, 1965, St. Louis, Mo.       American physiologist, who received (with Herbert Gasser (Gasser, Herbert Spencer)) the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1944… …   Universalium

  • Erlanger, Joseph — (1874–1965)    US physiologist and Nobel laureate, 1944. A professor of physiology at Washington University, St Louis, Erlanger shared the 1944 Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology for work on the electrical properties of nerve fibres, and on… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Erlanger, Joseph — ► (1874 1965) Médico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1944, compartido con Gasser, por sus estudios sobre el sistema nervioso central …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Erlanger — Joseph …   Scientists

  • Joseph Erlanger House — Infobox nrhp | name =Joseph Erlanger House nrhp type = nhl caption = location= 5127 Waterman Blvd., St. Louis, Missouri lat degrees = 38 lat minutes = 38 lat seconds = 55 lat direction = N long degrees = 90 long minutes = 16 long seconds = 4 long …   Wikipedia

  • Erlanger — ► C. del SE de Alemania, estado de Baviera, al N de Nuremberg; 100 800 h. Erlanger, Joseph …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph Erlanger — (* 5. Januar 1874 in San Francisco, Kalifornien; † 5. Dezember 1965 in St. Louis, Missouri) war ein US amerikanischer Physiologe, welcher im Jahre 1944 zusammen mit Herbert Spencer Gasser den Nobelpreis für Physiologie oder Medizin für die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Erlanger — (January 5, 1874 ndash; December 5, 1965) was an American physiologist.Erlanger was born on January 5, 1874, at San Francisco, California. He completed his B.S. in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley and completed his M.D. in… …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Erlanger — Naissance 5 janvier 1874 San Francisco (États Unis) Décès 5 décembre 1965 Saint Louis (Missouri) (États Unis) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français


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